Posted in Uncategorized

Diabetes in Children

It can be a surprise as well as a shocking truth for all of us that even children can have diabetes. Generally, there is a misconception that diabetes only happens to an adult that too because of the stressful life and wrong eating habits. But in actual, diabetes can happen even to a child when the body’s ability to respond to an insulin hormone gets imbalanced.

Medically, diabetes is a disease in which body’s ability to produce or respond to an insulin hormones gets impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and increased levels of glucose in the blood.

There are two types of diabetes:
1. TYPE I DiabetesIn type I diabetes, the body is not able to covert the sugar and carbohydrates into an energy that a body needs. There is no production of insulin in child’s body. In our body, there is a gland behind the stomach called pancreas which produces a hormone called insulin. This insulin maintains the sugar level and the carbohydrate level in the body. Type I diabetes usually occurs when the beta cells of the pancreas are damaged or destroyed.

2. TYPE II DiabetesIn this type of diabetes, the hormone called insulin is present, but the body is not responsive to the insulin. This leads to an increase in blood sugar levels. If type II diabetes is overlooked or left untreated, it can lead to further complications like blindness, kidney failure, and heart disease. This type of diabetes is more common and progressive in children than in adults.

Causes of Pediatric Diabetes

What can be possible causes of diabetes in children? Although there are no specific and clear reasons for the occurrence of diabetes, still the possible causes can be the following:

  1. Hereditary – This can be a possible cause of diabetes as it is a genetic disease. it can pass from the parents to the children. In type I diabetes, hereditary plays a major role.
  2. Environmental Factors – The environmental factors like stressful lifestyle and unhealthy food habits can lead to the occurrence of diabetes in children too.
  3. Obesity – Obesity changes the metabolism activity of a body. These changes cause fat tissues to release fat molecules into the blood. This affects the beta cells to be responsive to the insulin hormones, which causes Type II diabetes.

Symptoms of Pediatric Diabetes

To identify the signs and symptoms of diabetes in toddlers, babies and infants are not that easy. However, there are few signs and symptoms which are not that usual too. Have a look.

  • Frequent Urination and Increased thirst – Most of you may or may not be known to the fact that frequent urination and an increased thirst are the common symptoms of Type I diabetes. An increased level of blood sugar leads to a reaction in the body which extracts the fluid from the body tissues. This will make your kid be continued thirsty. And frequent intake of water leads to the frequent urination. Therefore, these two situations are common during Type I diabetes.
  • Fatigue – As the sugar in your kid’s body is not getting transformed into a desired level of energy, hence fatigue if felt.
  • Hungry all time, still not gaining weight – Due to the lack of required energy, your kid may stay hungry all time. Despite munching, you will not be able to see a weight gain. This indicates a sign of diabetes.
  • Breath is smelling like a fruit – This shows that your kid’s body is releasing sugar as it is not getting transformed into the desired energy.
  • Blurred Vision – Your kid may report to you regarding his unclear vision or if he is too young to share then you may find him uncomfortable while watching the object. This can be an indication of high blood sugar levels as diabetes affects the vision also.
  • Slow Healing of wounds.

If you see that there is a real reason for showing doctor to your child, then go ahead. Do not capture your second thoughts on your mind, because it is always good for your child to be safe instead of sorry.

Diagnosis & Tests

Diabetes in children can be diagnosed by the following tests:

Random Blood Sugar Test – This is one of the primary methods of screening diabetes even in children too. A blood sample will be collected from your kid’s body and will be sent for testing the sugar levels. It can be done at any time randomly.

Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) Test- Hemoglobin is a blood pigment which carries oxygen and is attached to glucose. Therefore, this test helps to check an average level of blood sugar of past two to three months.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test – The blood sample is collected when your kid was in fasts overnight.

Is there any Treatment available?

To get treatment for diabetes for your child, take advice from a good specialist/medical practitioner as it is a disease in which any type of experiment can be harmful to your child. The doctor can guide you the best way of treating your child’s diabetes. And yes, if you follow the doctor’s advice and guidance, you can definitely keep your child’s diabetes under control.

Preventions to be taken

Preventions can be taken in the form of reducing calories, sweets and unhealthy snacks from your child’s diet. If your child is a teenager and obese, then you can talk to him freely and honestly about his weight and how to manage an extra weight. Involve your entire family to follow a healthy diet. This will encourage your child to adopt good eating habits. And yes, remember, do not expect the good changes from the Day 1 of your changed habits. It will take time but when you continue to follow it, you will get fruitful results.

Do not forget to consult with your doctor and seek support from him.

Take Care!

You may find useful to read my blog on Autism: Autism- Understand it, don’t Overlook

Posted in Autism, neurological disorder

Autism- Understand it, don’t Overlook

Autism is a neurological development disorder. It is a lifelong condition which is characterised by impaired social connectivity and lack of establishing a verbal or non-verbal communication.
It is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, wherein the term ‘Spectrum’ describes the types of difficulties and constraints that an autistic child suffers. Some may be chronic and some maybe not.
The very first sign that can be identified is not achieving the developmental milestone that a particular child achieves during his developmental stage. Being an adult, we can observe the following signs. However, it can differ from person to person and the range of autism.


  • By 6 months, no social smiles or other warm, joyful expressions directed at people
  • By 6 months, limited or no eye contact
  • By 9 months, no sharing of vocal sounds, smiles or other nonverbal communication
  • By 12 months, no babbling
  • By 12 months, no use of gestures to communicate (e.g. pointing, reaching, waving etc.)
  • By 12 months, no response to name when called
  • By 16 months, no words
  • By 24 months, no meaningful, two-word phrases
  • Any loss of any previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills
  • Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
  • Struggles with understanding other people’s feelings
  • Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development
  • Repeats words or phrases over and over (Echolalia)
  • Gets upset by minor changes in routine or surroundings
  • Has highly restricted interests
  • Performs repetitive behaviour such as flapping, rocking or spinning
  • Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colours.
As on 2015, autism has affected nearly 24.8 million people worldwide. It affects more often in boys than girls. There was a dramatic increase in the number of autism since last few years, but the actual percentage of increase is unclear.
The cause of this neurological disorder has been pre-assumed that it +can be the combination of both genetic and environmental factors. However, these factors can increase the risk of autism, but cannot be the cause of it.
How to deal with your Autistic child?
It is difficult but it is not impossible to understand the autistic child. There are many things parents can do to cope with their challenges while dealing with an autistic child. Also, taking care of yourself in daily life is very important, because emotionally strong can be the main thing for parents to help their autistic child.
It is natural for you to be worried as a parent when you find that your child has a problem of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The treatments and the therapy can be disappointing for you when you may have heard from your friend that this is a lifelong condition.
Although this is true that it is difficult to come out of this condition, yes there are some treatments and behavioural therapy which can help your child to learn new skills and overcome major developmental challenges.

Seek the help of an expert – the moment you have come to know about this unpleasant fact, seek the help of an expert from that moment. Do not rely on this myth that your child will outgrow this condition with the passage of time. The earlier help gives the greater chances of successful treatment.

Have patience and be consistent – children with ASD takes the longer time to understand and learn the basic habit and behaviour as compared to the other children. so, in this case, you have to be very consistent and full of patience to teach the required behaviour repeatedly. You may find that your kid is responding appropriately to his therapist when being in a particular situation but while being at home, the response is totally different. Therefore, find out what the therapists are doing, and repeat the same thing at your home. Repetition of an activity will help your child to understand the situation and to respond accordingly. Try to arrange the therapy in different places, it will help your child to transfer his knowledge from one surrounding to another.

Stick to a routine time-table for daily activities – A child with ASD respond well when being instructed to follow a restricted routine for the daily activities. Therefore, follow a strict schedule for daily activities like meal-time, playing time, therapy, bedtime, etc. Try to avoid any distraction from the schedule. If the distraction is unavoidable, prepare your child beforehand.

Understand nonverbal cues – Keep an eye and be observant your child’s nonverbal behaviour. Try to understand what he is trying to communicate by giving some gestures or by showing facial expressions.

Pay attention to the sensitivity of your child’s sensory organs – Many children with ASD are to be hypersensitive to the light, sound, smell, touch and taste. That is why, as a parent, it is your responsibility that you pay special attention to what sensation your child is feeling good or bad. Such information can prove to be helpful for you because you can solve many inconveniences that are caused by these sensitivities.

Lastly, when you know that your child is autistic, accept it gracefully. Do not start hating or neglecting your child. Children are the seeker of love and care. The more they receive love, care and support, the better they grow and develop. Do not compare your child’s weakness and strength with other kids. None of us are same in every aspect. Start learning and understanding about autism. Do not overlook it or hide it. If proper therapy and treatments are being given at the correct age, the positive results can be expected. Understand your child, and also be an expert of his behaviour. And yes, do not give up and lose your patience. Don’t jump to a conclusion without knowing anything about your child. There’s always a hope.

Posted in Child Abuse, Statistics, Survey, Uncategorized

Say NO to Child Abuse


Child Abuse is a physical, psychological maltreatment and sexual molestation of a child. It has become nowadays an international issue. No matter the location, every nation is showing a similar trend in child abuse. A statement released by UNICEF representative to India, states, “It is alarming that too many of these cases are children. One in three rape victims is a child. More than 7,200 children including infants are raped every year; experts believe many more cases go unreported. Given the stigma attached to rapes, especially when it comes to the children, this is most likely only the tip of the iceberg.”  

(please refer:

Childhood is the best phase of life and we should always cherish our childhood memories. But when our childhood memories are turned into trauma and pain, then we never wanted to them recall it back.

In India, there was a Study conducted on Child Abuse in the year 2007 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development of India, and the major findings were literally shocking to nature. It showed 

  • 53.22% of children reported having faced one or more forms of the sexual abuse. 
  • 50% abuses are persons known to the child or in a position of trust and responsibility
  • Two out of every Three children are physically abused, and they are abused by their parents.
  • Every second child reported facing emotional abuse (Please Refer: .

How can we identify an abuser pertaining to sexual assault?

An abuser is not different from us, neither he/she has got some special identity or looks. He/she is same like us, but the study reveals that they have got a charming personality, and they are able to grab the attention of kids very quickly. They spend substantially more time with kids. So, an alertness is needed from the parents so as to protect their kids from being assaulted.

Effects of Child Abuse

Child abuse severely affects the mental and as well as the physical development of a child. The children who have suffered abuse whether it is physical or sexual, they grow up experiencing insecurities, low self-esteem, and lack of development. Many abused children experience ongoing difficulties with trust, social withdrawal, trouble in school, and forming relationships.

Possible ways for adverse childhood experiences 


We, the adults, can definitely Stop Child Abuse. 

  • Being an adult, we should support our children’s words and trust them. We should understand their feelings and behavior. We should listen to them, understand them what they are trying to express. 
  • Teach them about the sexual abuse. Conduct a friendly workshop with them which make them understand about ‘Good Touch and Bad Touch.’ 
  • Tell them that there should be no secret kept between them. If anything wrong happens to them, convey it directly to the parents or to the person they trust the most. 
  • And last but not the least, teach them the importance of the word ‘NO’. This word can act sometimes like a sword.

                                      Pic Courtesy: Swati Popat Vats

So, please come to a step forward, spread awareness, and say “NO” to Child Abuse.

Posted in Eunuchs of India, Hijra, Rights of transgenders, Transgenders

Eunuchs of India

Transgender– a word related to a person whose sense of personal identity and gender does not correspond with their birth sex. In the Southern part of Asia, the countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, they have got multiple names. The most common name is Hijra (which includes a person who is identified as transsexual, eunuch, or cross-dresser).

According to the Indian Census Report of 2014, the official count of this third-gender was 4.9 lakh. While the transgender activists estimated that the actual count would much higher than this official count.

The social and economic life of Hijras is very difficult and vulnerable. India’s shunned transgenders are struggling to survive. Most of the transgenders have to get themselves involved in sex work in order to earn a livelihood. Though the name of ‘Third-sex’ is already mentioned in many of our texts, our society is not ready to accept them in the mainstream. Hijras lives on fringes of our Indian society and had face numbers of discrimination and humiliation. 

We can see many hijras in sex work and be moving around in cities asking for money from families who are celebrating a marriage or the childbirth.  

Reena, a transgender, is now HIV positive. She needs to satisfy many of her clients giving sexual pleasure. But still, she has a hope that the things will change with the passage of days and night and there will be a time when they will be accepted in our society.

They are also a human being. The humiliation which they are facing is not because of their fault, God had made them like this, they can’t help it. 

India, however, does recognize legally transgender as a ‘third-gender’. separating them from male and female. Even Kochi Metro is the first government in the country who has given employment to 23 transgenders, who will be on duty from 17th June 2017.

On 24th April 2015, the Indian Parliament has passed the Rights of the Transgender Persons Bill, 2014 guaranteeing rights and entitlements, reservations in education and jobs where 2% is specifically for a government job, legal aid, pension, unemployment allowance and skill development for transgender people. In April 2017, Indian Ministry of Drinking water and Sanitation has also instructed states to allow transgenders to use public toilets of their choice. 

There are many transgender activists who are working for the rights of transgenders, but still, the journey is too far to complete. Most hijras live at the margins of society with very low status; the very word “hijra” is sometimes used in a derogatory manner. Violence against hijras, especially hijra sex workers, is often brutal and occurs in public spaces, police stations, prisons, and their homes. As with transgender people in most of the world, they face extreme discrimination in health, housing, education, employment, immigration, law, and any bureaucracy that is unable to place them into male or female gender categories.

We also accept that there some transgenders (they can be termed as Hijra Mafia) in our society who take this term as their business and also force others to get involved into this. Here, the teens are abducted from the public places and are forced to undergo sex change surgery and face a traumatic life of a eunuch. Castration is forced on them and ironically very few people get the courage to retaliate.  

Posted in adolescents, anxiety, fear, issues and remedies, personality trait, procrastination, symptoms

Teenage And Perfectionism


“Teenage‘ is the age group or within the age range of 13 years to 19 years, and the person who falls in this age bracket is called as a Teenager.

Teenage is an adolescence phase of life and often remarked as the stage of physical and the psychological development.

Perfectionism‘ is a psychological term which defines a particular personality trait of a person, wherein a person always strive for flawless performance and also try to gather applause and concern for others. So, when teenagers (or teens) run towards perfection, it shows that they are trying to copy style and behavior and sometimes even the lifestyle of others of whom they call up as an Idols.

Perfectionism is neither a mental disorder nor a state of depression but it often results in anxiety which further leads to loneliness and guilty. Such teens are in fear always. Fear of making mistakes, fear of which signifies failure and worthlessness.

So how can we understand that this teenager is having this perfectionist trait?

1. If he/she feels horrible for not accomplishing certain targeted goals.

2. If he/she is a Procrastinator.

3. If a child carries a fear of getting abandoned, if not become a Perfectionist.

4. Gets Short-tempered when with other people who are less than perfect.

Being a parent, it is highly necessary to help our teens to avoid carrying this trait. So, the following could be few of the remedies to this issue.


Step 1: Define Perfectionism to your child- First, try to educate your child about what perfectionism is all about. What are the consequences attached to it? Help them to understand its real side-effects. Perfectionism makes us over critical and anxious about everything. It becomes difficult to finish tasks with fun and enjoyment which results in frustration for everyone in family and friends.


Step 2: Teach positive statement- Speak up the positive statements like, “I will try my best next time”, “All fine, no one is perfect”, “Believe in you, even when you make mistake”. These statements generate the positivity in the environment and help to boost up the morale and confidence among the teens.


Step 3: Overcome Procrastination- Most of the teens become Procrastinator because they fear of failure or making mistakesEncourage them to set some realistic goals in life and make them understand about priorities and how to gain balance in accomplishing a certain task.


Remember, a Perfectionistic teen will become a Perfectionistic Adult which may carry a load of anxiety and loneliness. So, it will be good if we intervene them Today so as to make their Future happier.

Posted in Depression, feeling blue, symptoms and sign, remedies, therapy


We all face fluctuations in our life. Sometimes, we feel Up and sometimes Down and this changes our mood and behaviour too. We feel happy and satisfied in our good times, and just opposite in our downtime.

But there are some people who experience the negative feelings of life intensely, and to be precise without having any specific reason. These feelings can be because of Stress, Relationships, Career Problems, Self-Esteem Issues, Social Rejections etc.These feelings are so intense in nature that a person starts secluding himself from his social environment. And when being asked about the reason, they actually say “I am okay!”

And this is called “A Depression” – a state of mind where we feel severe despondency and dejection.

Depression, though being a common, is a serious condition that affects you in complete negatively manner, and where you will be affecting your mental health and as well as your physical health.

Depression makes a person to feel always low in mood, guilty and worthless.


We all go through some negative thoughts in our mind, but it get fades away with day by day, but if these negativity approach doesn’t leaves you and you are depressed for more than two weeks, and also feeling miserable, guilty and worthless, you should consult with your doctor.

At the same time, not everyone face all the symptoms of depression.


  • Always there is a feeling of Sick and Dullness.
  • Sleeping Disorders – either feeling Excessively Sleepy or Insomniac.
  • Poor or Change in Appetite.


  • Start secluding from social environment.
  • Feeling of dejection.
  • Crying for No Reason.
  • Becomes Alcoholic or get Addicted to Wrong Habits.
  • Poor Concentration.


  • “Nothing Good Ever Happens to Me”
  • “I am A Failure”
  • “I am Worthless.
  • “My Future is Dark”
  • “Life is not Worth Living”


  • Irritable
  • Indecisive
  • Frustrated
  • Lack of Confidence.

If you or someone you know are facing Depression or facing above mentioned symptoms, Please consult your Doctor and Seek an Expert Advice and Get Support. Do not Ignore.”


When we are Depressed, we feel lonely, so therefore the best treatment for this serious condition is TALK THERAPY. Talk Therapy is an extremely effective treatment for depression. Talk to the person who is depressed, ask him the reason behind being depressed, and more importantly Listen to him properly. In Depression, it becomes very difficult to express our feelings. Here, it feels like we are in dark and captured and unable to flee. So, Talk to Them!

Know the Reason of Depression. Sometimes, we feel too much depressed because of some medical grounds also. Prolonged Illness, Postpartum Depression, etc. can be the reason of some sort of depression. Here, in this case, the change of environment is very important. Create a happy living atmosphere, indulge in hobby-ideas, and social get-together generates a lot of positivism in life. So, know the reason and Act upon it.

Exercise. Regular exercise can be very much effective in treating depression as medication. It regulates the growth of new brain cells and also boost up the “feel-good” hormones.

Proper Diet. The proper intake of meals and having a balanced diet gives you more energy and power to work up on your daily routine. Eat-well and Live-well.

Medication, Expert Advice & Support. Despite of knowing everything about depression, it is always good to take an expert advice and support and also to follow the medications. This all will help to get faster recovery and good health.

Apart from the above-mentioned treatments there can be a lot many other ways too, but the main thing is to follow them. Remember, Depression is a serious illness, but it’s a CURABLE. Take proper Action in Correct time. There is never too late to Give Help or Seek Help.